Jack London, novelist and passionate advocate of labor unions, socialism, and the rights of workers, was born 140 years ago.
Twain was also active in the anti-imperialist movement around the turn of the 20th century, as the U.S. embarked on building a far-flung global sphere of influence.
In the same year Italian writer Alberto Moravia died in his Rome apartment at 82, his autobiography, "Vita di Moravia" was published.
Kesey is best remembered for his novels "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"and"Sometimes a Great Notion."
Ernest Hemingway (July 21, 1899 - July 2, 1961) was one of America's most popular authors.
He wasn't afraid to tackle the problems that workers and unionists faced, while bucking up their spirits, by singing about the people, you and me.
He would become one of America's great postwar authors, examining complex urban antiheroes at war with the society they live in.
"I was able to conjure my own self," says Black American writer Zora Neale Hurston in the non-stop phenomenon that is Letters from Zora.
The PBS American Masters series is airing a biopic about the writer who made a career out of being a "professional amateur."
An almost unknown dimension of his amazing career, discovered by his heirs only after his death in 2004, was Hoff's work for left-wing periodicals in the '30s.