Eventually the organization was able to expand into areas of social and political development for blacks in Chicago and across the nation.
At 10:35 a.m. on this day in 1903, Orville Wright flew the Flyer over 120 feet of ground for 12 seconds.
William Lloyd Garrison, one of the nation's most outstanding abolitionist leaders, was born Dec. 12, 1805, in Newburyport, Mass.
1907 was a particularly troubling year in West Virginia, during which a total of 3,242 people were killed in mining accidents.
On Dec. 2, 1859, abolitionist John Brown was hanged in Charleston, Va., for his leadership of a plot to incite slave rebellion.
Today in labor history, Nov. 27, 1937, the pro-labor musical revue, "Pins & Needles," opens on Broadway with a cast of International Ladies Garment Workers Union members.
President George Washington became the first president to proclaim a Thanksgiving holiday, when, at the request of Congress, he proclaimed November 26 as a day of national thanksgiving for the U.S. Constitution.
On this day in 1695, Zumbi dos Palmares, leader of a Brazilian state of freed slaves was beheaded by the Portuguese.
On November 18, 1944 in Cuba, the Popular Socialist Youth was founded, as a continuation of the Cuban Revolutionary Youth.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveiled the Civil Works Administration on November 8, 1933, a short-lived program, but one that created jobs for millions of unemployed workers, giving temporary relief to the suffering in the midst of the Great Depression.