Organized labor and its allies have turned to public pressure to push resurrection of the benefits through a hostile GOP majority in the U.S. House.
Heavy lobbying efforts were underway to extend unemployment insurance for the more than 1 million long-term jobless.
As recently as 2011, Hawking remarked, "Scientists have become the bearers of the torch of discovery in our quest for knowledge."
On this day in 1891, Zora Neale Hurston, novelist and folklorist, was born. She is seen as one of the most important black writers in American history.
Machinists who work for Boeing in the Puget Sound area, around Portland, Ore., and in Wichita, Kansas, narrowly approved an eight-year contract extension with Boeing.
On January 6, 1878: Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and author Carl Sandburg was born in Galesburg, Illinois.
On January 2, 1800 the Philadelphia black community petitioned Congress to rescind the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.
This year organized labor joined with community, civil rights and other organizations and, together, they fashioned themselves into a new movement.
On December 19, 1907, 239 workers died in a coal mine explosion. This same day in 1984, 27 workers at Wilberg Mine died in Orangeville, Utah.
Port unions in 10 nations demonstrated against multinational furniture giant Ikea's lockout of 350 Teamsters workers.