The amendment said, "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude ... shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
Low-wage workers at the focus of the nation's defense machine, the Pentagon, joined the lengthening list of fed-up workers who have walked off their jobs.
President Obama is expected to call for an increase in the minimum wage to $10.00 an hour during next Tuesday's State of the Union address.
The Senate will vote on raising the minimum wage, in three steps of 95 cents each to $10.10 hourly in 2016.
When Americans think of labor unions, they think of union members campaigning for causes. But unions are a lot more, and their charity efforts in the St. Louis area show it.
On January 2, 1800 the Philadelphia black community petitioned Congress to rescind the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.
New Jersey is one of the 13 states that saw a bump in the minimum wage starting Jan. 1.The minimum wage became $8.25, up one dollar from $7.25.
On Jan. 1, more than a quarter of a million Portland workers gained a human right - the right to stay home when they're sick.
The justices will hear arguments in the dispute over the power of the NLRB and tackle a case involving yet another challenge to worker representation.
Eventually the organization was able to expand into areas of social and political development for blacks in Chicago and across the nation.