The job losses occurred in nearly every sector of the economy, but manufacturing and construction businesses were hit particularly hard.
Some 1,100 streetcar workers strike in New Orleans on July 1, 1929, spurring the creation of the po' boy sandwich.
The Industrial Workers of the World, also known as the "Wobblies," was founded at a 12-day convention in Chicago, June 27, 1905.
The American Railway Union, led by Eugene Debs, initiated a boycott against the Pullman Palace Car Company.
On this day in 1893, the American Railway Union - one of the first industrial unions in the United States - was founded.
On this day in 1936, unionists gathered in Pittsburgh, organized by the Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC).
The case was brought forth by Richard and Mildred Loving, who were imprisoned for one year for marrying in the state of Virginia.
On this day in 1963, President John F. Kennedy passed the Equal Pay Act aimed at eliminating unequal pay for women.
Today in labor history, silk workers held a one-time performance of Paterson Strike Pageant at Madison Square Garden in 1913.
On this day in 1966, civil rights activist James Meredith was shot while leading the March Against Fear from Memphis to Jackson.