Legend has it that Defoe's poem struck such a chord with the public that they threw flowers and drank to his health.
The contract covered 10,000 workers and provided seniority, hiring, and a medical plan.
Dobbs first became a pro-labor activist after witnessing the plight of workers during the Great Depression in the 1930s.
Emma Lazarus, the poet who wrote "The New Colossus," was born July 22, 1849.
On this day in 1877 during the Great Railroad strike, workers in Pittsburgh forced soldiers sent to quell the job action to flee the city.
Much of the coverage in the local newspapers blamed the IWW for the attack and accused it for being a destabilizing force in the city.
The International Longshoremen's Association led the battle for better pay and better hours.
Oscar William Neebe, an anarchist and labor activist, was born on this day in 1850, in New York City.
Mary McLeod Bethune, one of our great civil rights leaders, was born July 10, 1875, in Mayesville, S.C. Her parents were former slaves.
The job losses occurred in nearly every sector of the economy, but manufacturing and construction businesses were hit particularly hard.