Police opened fire on workers who were marching to the Republic Steel plant in south Chicago to set up a picket line.
On May 20, 1639, the first American public elementary school was established. This was arguably the beginning of the idea of free public education for all.
Diane Gilliam Fisher is a true poet of miners, their communities, their culture and families.
Today in labor history, on May 16, 1943, the Warsaw Ghetto uprising comes to an end as Nazi soldiers gain control of Warsaw, Poland's Jewish ghetto, blowing up the last remaining synagogue and beginning the mass deportation of the ghetto's remaining dwellers to the Treblinka extermination camp.
There were 200 delegates from 16 states at the convention, including 61 from Illinois and Michigan.
On May 12 in 1879, Chief Standing Bear of the Ponca tribe was declared a man in the federal courts of the U.S.
The tragic, brutal and deadly attack on striking miners and their families shocked, saddened and outraged working people and most Americans.
Stowe was highly active in the abolition movement. She and her husband supported the Underground Railroad and temporarily housed slaves in their home.
In 1896, Starr joined the garment workers' strike in support of the workers. She was a founding member of the Chicago chapter of the Women's Trade Union League in 1904.