The turnaround came ten years after the commission had filed a complaint that African Americans, Latinos, other minorities, and women were being unfairly treated.
The revolt was led by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes. Céspedes, himself a plantation owner, freed his slaves and invited them to join the rebellion.
On Oct. 4, 1824, three years after winning independence from Spain and battling the remnants of monarchy, the Mexican people established a republic.
Luque played in both all white, Negro League, and integrated teams in the U.S. and Cuba.