"The Abolitionists": must-see TV

abolitionists

"The Abolitionists," a three-part series on the revolutionary struggle to end chattel slavery in the American republic, is currently being broadcast on PBS television. It should be seen by as many viewers as possible and shown widely in public schools.

Parts One and Two aired Jan. 8 and 15, respectively, and final episode will be shown Jan. 22, in the PBS "American Experience" series. "The Abolitionists" can also be seen online.

Using historians as commentators, and actors portraying major figures like William Lloyd Garrison, Angelina Grimke, Frederick Douglass, Theodore Dwight Weld, and John Brown, the first episode tells the story of the abolitionist movement's beginning at a time when "democracy in America" was associated with the slaveholder president Andrew Jackson. For Jackson, American democracy meant territorial expansion through the destruction of native peoples, conquest of Mexican lands and maintenance of slavery to "protect" the white "common man."  

Connecting the personal with the political, the episode follows a number of individuals to show how the movement development: Angelina Grimke, a daughter  of Southern  slaveholders, turned against the system that she initially saw  as corrupting white slaveholders. An intellectual, William Lloyd Garrison, impelled by both the religious and secular spirit of the time to seek a more perfect society, became the voice and the pen of the movement. A slave, Frederick Douglass, came to fight back against the "slave breaker" brought in to beat him into submission. And the murder of Elijah Lovejoy, an abolitionist editor in Alton, Illinois, in 1837, inspired John Brown to dedicate his life to the destruction of slavery.

Viewers are also introduced to both the shifting forces and divisions among abolitionists over strategy and tactics. These are shown in the form of the "ultra-left" William Lloyd Garrison and the more politically astute Theodore Dwight Weld.

In one of the episode's most powerful scenes, Weld marries Angelina Grimke in a ceremony where neither pledged obedience to each other, or to any state, or any church. It was a ceremony presided over by a white and a free black minister. As the wedding took place, a mob pelted the hall with rocks and the building was later burned down

In those times abolitionists were subjected to terrorist mob violence in their homes and meeting halls. Most of the political establishment condemned them as "enemies of freedom and democracy," and some termed them foreign agents of the British Empire, which had earlier abolished slavery in its colonial possessions.

As it developed into an "antislavery vanguard," as one historian called it, the abolitionist movement was subjected to the kind of repression which would be associated with the "Red Scares" of the post-Civil-War period. As an example of this, the first denunciations of "socialism" in the U.S. in Congress were made by slaveholder politicians who associated abolitionism, land reform, women's rights, and other radical movements with "European Socialism."

I have not yet seen the second part of the series. There are a few criticisms I would make of the first episode, which in no way detract from its  overall excellence. First, it might have better begun with the Nat Turner rebellion as a force influencing all that followed. It might also have emphasized the role of free Blacks in the movement, which hopefully the series will do more of in the following episodes.  

And it could have found some way to show what progressive historians have long shown - that the anti-abolitionist mobs were usually led by wealthy men, members of local elites, who saw the abolitionists as a threat to both general property rights and their ability to control poor whites.     

The series would make a fine companion to Steven Spielberg's contemporary big-budget film,"Lincoln," which largely looks at the political struggle in Congress and the administration (at the top) during the  Civil War, although it portrays old abolitionist political leaders, now as "Radical Republicans"  with power in Congress, positively.  

For those on the broad left, particularly those who have been part of or have fought side by side with the activists of the Communist Party USA, the abolitionist movement is our most important forebear. And, in its subsequent development of a broad anti-slavery coalition and its role in the creation of a broad anti-slavery party, the Republican party (not to be confused with what Republicans are today or have long been), a guide to what can be done today to advance people's movements.

Watch Angelina Grimke Rebels on PBS. See more from American Experience.


The series is available on DVD for purchase ($19.99) and can also be downloaded via iTunes. Photo: When runaway slave John Price was arrested in Oberlin, Ohio, and transported to nearby Wellington in 1858, a group of abolitionists intervened to rescue him and eventually brought him to freedom in Canada. Via National Historical Society and PBS.

 

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  • Thanks for the review. I thought the first one was great, the second OK. the second one did a lot of manufacturing ridiculous dialough for John Brown, Fredrick Doulglass characters. it really hurt the story line, at least for me. however, it was great to see these, in many cases, forgotten heroes of our nation's struggle for justice was wonderful.

    Posted by bruce bostick, 01/24/2013 11:20am (2 years ago)

  • Many thanks to Norman Markowitz for this excellent article on this"must see" programing, "The Abolitionists"-the present writer stumbled on it one evening-it's great viewing and listening education.
    Many workers and communists don't know much if anything of the stellar work of both African American and white abolitionists, along with the unbreakable unity between them.
    We certainly need to know more and more of the trainees and colleagues of one Karl H. Marx in this period; not just his magnificent letter to president Lincoln- but of his association with abolitionists and warriors, General Willich, Colonel Weydemeyer, and others less connected perhaps, but connected nonetheless, with winning the war against slavery in the U.S.
    The theoretical side of abolitionists like W. E. B. Du Bois's John Brown(see Du Bois's seminal book, John Brown) leads into the 20th century and beyond, assuring the freedom of African Americans and all workers, all freedom loving peoples.

    Posted by E.E.W. Clay, 01/16/2013 5:42pm (2 years ago)

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