Western leaders belittle legitimate Russian concerns about fascism


Hillary Clinton was quoted last week comparing Russia's President Putin to Hitler because he is using stories about potential mistreatment of ethnic Russians as a pretext to intervene in the Ukraine and, specifically, Crimea.

In the lead-up to the World War II, German dictator Adolf Hitler complained that the government of Czechoslovakia was mistreating ethnic Germans in the Sudetenland, a Czech region near the German border.  At the same time, Nazi agents were stirring up anti-Czech activities among the Sudeten Germans.  The British and French governments carried out a "mediation" of this conflict that resulted in the Munich betrayal of 1938, which stripped Czechoslovakia of its fortified border regions and left the country defenseless in the face of the German intervention.

In the current crisis over the Ukraine, Russia has intervened in the Crimean Peninsula, where most of the population is Russian (to be precise, 12 % are Crimean Tatars, 24% are ethnic Ukrainians and most of the rest are Russians).  Crimea is autonomous within the Ukraine and is the site of a major Russian naval base at Sevastopol, currently leased from the Ukraine.

This base is of supreme importance to Russia because it guards Russia's only means of access to the Mediterranean.  Use of the Black Sea makes essential a friendly relationship with Turkey, which controls the Bosporus between the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmora, and the Dardanelles between the Sea of Marmara and the Mediterranean.  During World War II, very tough battles were fought in the Crimea between Nazi German and Soviet troops.

Secondly, the forces that have taken over the Ukrainian government in Kiev include neo-Nazi and fascist elements with pre-Word War II roots.  Some elements from these groups have been given key positions in the "interim" government put in essentially by a coup d'état against the discredited but nevertheless legally elected President Victor Yanukovych. Both political leaders and corporate-controlled media in the United States and Western Europe have either not mentioned this fact or have downplayed it. 

But in Russia the memories of the Nazi invasion of June 1941, of the war that followed and of the activities of local Nazi collaborators, including Ukrainian ones historically linked to the present crowd of extremists in Kiev, are strong.

High school history texts and Hollywood war films have trained two generations in the United States to believe that the United States almost singlehandedly beat Hitler. In fact, the Soviet Union's armed forces killed far more Germans and also suffered losses of both military personnel and civilians far greater than the losses suffered by the United States. In the process the Soviet forces pinned down huge numbers of Nazi troops who would otherwise have been deployed against the Western countries.

In the United States there are many thousands of people who still mourn for loved ones killed in World War II. But in Russia, various estimates put the military and civilian losses in that "Great Patriotic War" in the tens of millions.  At least 8.6 million Soviet soldiers, sailors and officers were killed.  The war also killed at least 13 million Soviet civilians, in bombing and shelling attacks, mass executions, and individual murders, and as the result of slave labor in Germany and other axis countries.  Jews, Roma and communists were subject to genocide.  Thousands of villages, towns, cities, factories and farms were completely razed by the Nazis and their allies, including Ukrainian and other local fascist collaborators.  Vast numbers of livestock were destroyed and areas occupied by the Nazis were plundered of all wealth.  

There is no way to quantify the suffering.

Soviet soldiers and civilians killed in the war included people from all ethnic groups, including more than a million Ukrainians who fought with great bravery against the German invaders.

So when people in Russia hear about a revival of fascist tendencies in the Ukraine they don't think about the amusing Colonel Klink and Sergeant Schultz of "Hogan's Heroes."   They think of their dead; there is nothing more horrible to contemplate that that the history of fascism in the 20th century should repeat itself.

Since the Soviet Union fell apart, the United States and its allies have worked hard to expand the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), bringing it right up against the Russian border. The idea of NATO- allied anti-Russian fascists occupying the Sevastopol base must not be pleasant.  To compare Russia to the Nazi Germans adds insult to injury.

Russia today is not the Soviet Union. I make no apologies for Putin, who is a backward, heavy-handed nationalist. But Hillary Clinton and others, in acting and speaking as they do, fail to recognize that Russia, like any sovereign state has legitimate security interests, and that history has taught its people to take fascism seriously. 

U.S. politicians and media should also do so.

Photo: Ukrainian fascists have been rallying for years in Kiev. In this 2005 photo a Ukrainian veteran who fought on the side of the Nazis carries a portrait of Ukrainian fascist leader Stepan Bandera during a march in Kiev. Efrem Lukatsky/AP


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  • Russians like to think of themselves as heroes who fought fascism. What they very conveniently "forget" is that during the beginning of World War II, there was a tight cooperation between the nazis and the communists. Russia (or the Russian-dominated Soviet Union to be more precise) sent raw materials to the German weapon industry and got some of the weapons back as payment. Then the nazis and the communists attacked Poland together, meeting as friends along the agreed line in the middle through Poland when they together had conquered the small unprepared country. The Katyn massacre was one step of the conquest; those who are not aware of happened there should google Katyn. Russia followed up by occupying Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, parts of Finland and so on.

    After the war, Russia did approximately all the things that Hitler had been stopped from doing: Occupying countries, murdering millions and millions of innocent people, mass producing propaganda lies, and so on.

    The communists have murdered many, many more people then the nazis.

    There is little reason to claim that Russia is much "better" than Germany. The only thing making Russia "better" is that Russia was forced by their former nazi cooperation partners to change side in the war in 1941.

    Posted by Bob, 01/14/2015 6:45am (8 months ago)

  • A fact - Soviet Union heavily supported Nazi Germany almost until the day germany attacked USSR - June 22nd. USSR trained german military, equipped them, helped Nazi party to take power, helped them to develop propaganda (like nowdays) and German concentration camps were based upon labor camps in soviet russia.

    Next fact, MASS neo-nazi marches called "Rysskiy March", under swastika and nazi slogans occur almost daily - noone is dispersing them. However, if you come out and protest against war, you will be rounded up within 10 minutes and get 2 months prion time. Clearly, government is displeased with slogans against war but tolerates fascists slogans. Pan-slavism. There is a proliferation of neo-fascists organizations in Russia. Nothing happens in russia with approval of government.

    Posted by Justice, 03/17/2014 7:45pm (1 year ago)

  • Let's face the truth: OBAMA brought a neonazi to power in the Ukraine! Stop making excuses!

    Posted by Anti Fascist, 03/17/2014 2:57pm (1 year ago)

  • Excellent Article, Something you will not hear in the corporate lackey media

    Posted by Harvey Redgrandad Smith, 03/12/2014 12:10pm (1 year ago)

  • Emile Schepers writes a very cogent article which raises several interesting points.
    1) It is sad that in the twenty-first century a leading US government official (be it one currently "retired"), Hillary Clinton, who resorts to the worn out analogy of the pre-WWII fascist bully and the appeasement by the West. It is sad that US foreign policy remains stuck in the 1940s. The world has greatly changed, US foreign policy has changed very little.
    2) Sources say that for every US soldier killed in World War II eight Soviet soldiers died. (Not to denigrate the gallant fight by our troops, just to add some perspective.)
    3) The devastation of the Soviet Union can best be described by General Dwight D. Eisenhower, "When we flew into Russia, in 1945, I did not see a house standing between the western borders of the country and the area around Moscow. Through this overrun region, Marshal Zhukov told me, so many numbers of women, children and old men had been killed that the Russian Government would never be able to estimate the total."
    Eisenhower, Dwight D., Crusade In Europe, Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, New York, 1948 (page 469).

    Posted by David G , 03/11/2014 3:51pm (1 year ago)

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