About 3,000 French troops have now entered the war in Mali, at the request of Malian President Dioncounda Traoré.
Africa is probably the single most complex region of the world and arguably its most troubled.
On March 22, soldiers of the Republic of Mali in West Africa, led by junior officers, carried out a coup d'état against the elected president, Amadou Toumani Touré.
Analysts of the West Papua conflict have observed an escalation in violent incidents through the year, with a pronounced uptick since May. Journalists and members of the West Papua community themselves have previously warned that the situation is deteriorating.