Israeli peace movement demands: Free all hostages on both sides, remove Netanyahu
'All for all' is the demand of the Israeli peace movement: All Israeli hostages in exchange for all Palestinian prisoners. At left: Sharon Hertzman, taken captive by Hamas on Oct. 7th, is reunited with her husband in Israel on Saturday. At right: Omar Atshan, 17, is embraced by his mother after being released from the Israeli prison in the West Bank town of Ramallah on Sunday. | Photos via AP

The peace movement in Israel is on the offensive. From Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, the demands in the streets are clear: Release all hostages on both sides and immediately remove Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu from office.

Pro-peace forces have been making the most of both the four-day “truce” and their recent Supreme Court victory over a police ban on demonstrations to tell their fellow citizens and the whole world that the extremists in Netanyahu’s war cabinet do not have the unanimous support of the people.

With the “pause in hostilities” ticking into its final hours, the anti-war movement—led by the Democratic Front for Peace and Equality coalition (Hadash)—fought against the clock Sunday to pressure the government to extend the pause and agree to a permanent ceasefire.

Netanyahu and his cabinet accepted a 48-hour extension on Monday but continued to declare their determination to resume the destruction of Gaza and its people within days.


Peace protesters are advocating what they call an “all-for-all” hostage deal in which all Israeli hostages are brought back in exchange for all Palestinian prisoners held in Israel.

Ayman Odeh—a member of Israel’s parliament, the Knesset, and chairman of the Hadash coalition—welcomed the first waves of hostages released and said the process should continue until all the Israelis and Palestinians in captivity are freed.

“I bless and am happy for the return of mothers and children to their families,” he said. “We must not give up the vision for a real political agreement that will bring peace between the two peoples.”

Odeh emphasized that “it is the right of both peoples, the Israeli and the Palestinian, to live a life of security and joy in the bosom of their family,” and declared that pro-peace and progressive forces in Israel “will not give up until a political agreement is reached.”

Such a political solution, Hadash has said, must include an end to Israeli occupation, the freeing of all political prisoners, an end to terror, and the establishment of a Palestinian state.

As of this writing, approximately 184 captives taken from Israel in the Oct. 7th attacks are still held by Hamas. Estimates vary, but at least 8,000 Palestinians are believed to be held by Israel; more than 2,200 of them are imprisoned without charge or trial and hundreds are women and children.

Videos of returning Israeli and foreign national hostages held by Hamas have been broadcast around the globe over the last two days, but fewer images have been seen of freed Palestinians returning to their families. That’s because the Israeli government is determined to ensure media coverage focuses only on the individuals released from Hamas captivity, part of a strategy to generate support for the government’s war against Gaza.

Freed Israeli captives are whisked to meetings with state officials in front of television cameras; their families are put on stage at mass rallies to show their appreciation to the Netanyahu government. Whenever any family members or released hostages depart from that line, they are shuffled off to the sidelines.

As for the released Palestinians, they are trucked from jails inside Israel to the Ofer military prison in the West Bank that’s run by the Israeli Defense Forces and then quietly handed over to the International Red Cross. Celebrations or community “welcome home” events for them have been banned by Israel.

Despite the government’s attempt to prevent the press from seeing who it has been holding captive—including children as young as 14—the hostage exchange process has brought fresh scrutiny to Israel’s system of mass Palestinian detention.

Nineteen prisons within Israel’s borders and one in the occupied West Bank hold Palestinians. Before the Hamas attacks, there were already 5,200 Palestinians held in these facilities. Since then, arrests have skyrocketed, with 3,000 more people swept up and locked away.

Statistics compiled by international agencies estimate that 40% of Palestinian men spend at least some time in an Israeli prison during their life. But women and children are not spared either, as the prisoner release lists have proved. As many as 250 children under 18 are captives of Israel, according to the Palestinian Prisoners Society.

“The main alleged crime for these detentions is stone-throwing, which can carry a 20-year sentence in prison for Palestinian children,” said a report published in July by the children’s rights organization, Save the Children.

Even with the Palestinians released so far, the pace of new arrests by Israel in the West Bank over the past few days could mean that there has been a net increase in the number of Palestinians held prisoner since the hostage swaps began.

Netanyahu out

Hadash says negotiation of a lasting peace will require someone other than Netanyahu and his far-right allies to do the bargaining on the Israeli side. That’s why his removal is the second immediate demand of the ceasefire movement.

“The deals must continue until all the abductees, captives, and prisoners are released,” the coalition, which is led by the Communist Party of Israel, said in a statement. “But the end of the war must also be accompanied by the overthrow of the fascist government and the beginning of a real political process with the Palestinian leadership under the auspices of the international community.”

On Saturday evening in Jerusalem, thousands of demonstrators converged on Netanyahu’s residence, marching under a banner reading, “Impeachment Now.” Police erected barriers to block protesters from reaching the prime minister’s house, but a rally went on anyway.

“The blood is on Netanyahu’s hands,” said Ofer Baraam, a speaker whose son was killed by Hamas militants on Oct. 7th. Among the crowd, signs in both Hebrew and Arabic called for a political solution and the removal of the country’s current leadership.

As protesters in Jerusalem converged on Netanyahu’s residence to demand his removal, in Tel Aviv, a joint Jewish-Arab women’s summit was hosted by the Women’s Democratic Movement in Israel on the occasion of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. The meeting highlighted the increased risk of domestic violence during war, in addition to the immediate threats of bombs and bullets. The organization called for a political solution to the crisis. | Photo via Zo Hadarekh

As the expiration of the truce fast approaches and the peace movement fights desperately to extend it, the leaders of the Israeli Defense Forces are making no effort to hide their eagerness to resume the killing.

General Herzi Halevi addressed his soldiers on Sunday, assuring them that combat would soon resume. He told them their “fighting spirit and determination” would “achieve all the objectives of the war.”

Netanyahu also pledged there is more death to come: “I want to be clear. The war is continuing. Nothing will stop us.”

The next focus will reportedly be the supposedly “safe” southern section of Gaza, where Palestinians have already been herded for the past several weeks. The IDF plans to send its troops and tanks toward the southern city of Khan Younis once it resumes the ground campaign.

Northern Gaza is already a wasteland, with over half of all buildings destroyed. 1.7 million of Gaza’s 2.3 million people have been expelled from their homes, and so-called “humanitarian corridors” have served as little else but pathways for permanent removal.

As for Palestinians who have tried to return to their homes in the north to either salvage some belongings or search for the bodies of their dead in the rubble, there has been no ceasefire for them. Several have been killed by IDF soldiers.

The army declared, “There is no intention to allow a return from the south to the north of the Gaza Strip.” It told Palestinians “not to approach within even a kilometer of the border.”

Is Biden listening?

In Washington, meanwhile, the Biden administration appeared to be latching onto the hostage release deal as redemption—proof that lockstep support of Netanyahu was not the major political liability that it has obviously become.

Demonstrations continued over the Thanksgiving holiday in cities across the U.S., and polls reveal Biden’s backing for Netanyahu’s Gaza genocide is causing him to bleed support ahead of the 2024 elections, especially among Arab-American voters in battleground states and young voters generally.

Rather than change course, however, the White House has been working to keep the amount of money and arms shipped to Israel a more tightly guarded secret.

The release of 4-year-old U.S.-Israeli dual national Abigail Edan by Hamas was celebrated by Biden on the weekend, but he made no mention of the fact that Netanyahu told him the IDF will resume its rampage in Gaza with full force as soon as the truce ends.

Netanyahu greets soldiers in the Gaza Strip on Sunday. He pledged the war will continue once the truce ends. | Photo via AP

Politico reported this weekend that administration officials were concerned an unintended consequence of the temporary pause in the war was that journalists would gain more access to Gaza and report on the true scale of the devastation and war crimes committed there by the IDF.

The fear among the president’s staff was that increased media attention might accelerate the turn of public opinion in the U.S. against Israel and expose Biden to more scrutiny for supporting Netanyahu. The “vindication” that might come for the president if he’s seen as having played a role in securing the release of hostages was seen as worth the gamble, however, according to administration insiders.

Neither the Israeli prime minister nor the U.S. president is listening to the words of peace campaigners like Maoz Yanon, whose parents were killed by Hamas on Oct. 7th. Addressing a ceasefire rally in Tel Aviv, Yanon said:

“This is the right time to demonstrate for peace and equality and to stop the war. There is no better time than now. The abductees must be returned in exchange for all the Palestinian prisoners. There is no better time than now to stop this war that serves both Israel’s malicious government and the terrorist Hamas organization. The time to overthrow Netanyahu is now. And there is no better time to start the most difficult task of all—creating the hope for equality, solidarity, justice, and security, for both nations.”

As with all news analysis and opinion articles published by People’s World, this article reflects the views of its author.

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C.J. Atkins
C.J. Atkins

C.J. Atkins is the managing editor at People's World. He holds a Ph.D. in political science from York University in Toronto and has a research and teaching background in political economy and the politics and ideas of the American left.