Youth employment at historic low

CHICAGO – Marco Elizondo, 20, grew up and still lives in the predominantly Mexican American Little Village neighborhood here on the southwest side. He is a student at a community college and loves to play basketball and hang out with his friends. One day he hopes to become a sports journalist.

With school ending and summer fast approaching, he’d like to have a job lined up but, he says, there just aren’t any out there.

“I applied everywhere, local supermarkets, Walgreens, CVS Pharmacy, Subway, Panda Express, even the mom and pop stores down the business strip in my neighborhood,” said Elizondo.

“Having a job helps youth mature and teaches responsibility,” he said. “It also helps kids get away from bad habits like joining street gangs or using drugs. It keeps youth out of trouble and creates a sense of accomplishment.”

Elizondo lives with his grandmother. She is struggling to pay the bills and he wants a job to help make ends meet. “Plus she’s not going to be around forever,” he says.

“I like playing basketball and hanging out with my friends, but really, I’d rather be working. It’s just so hard to find a job,” said Elizondo.

According to the latest government figures the unemployment rate is 9.1 percent. The U.S. Labor Department says the official rate of unemployment among those aged 16-19 was more than 24 percent. 

A recent report by the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University in Boston, Mass., notes the national youth employment rate in 2011 is projected to fall to an historic low. The report: “The Steep Decline in Teen Summer Employment in the U.S., 2000 – 2010 and the Bleak Outlook for 2011 Summer Teen Job Market,” shows the teen summer employment rate fell by nearly 19 percentage points over the past decade from nearly 46 percent in 2000 to just under 27 percent in 2010, a 40 percent drop.

U.S. teen joblessness in 2009 for those 16 to 19 years of age overall was 70 percent joblssness rate, with Black teens leading with 79.4 percent. Hispanic teens were close behind with 73.5 percent. For white teens the rate was 65.7 percent.

For the state of Illinois, again Blacks teens led with an 86.7 percent jobless rate, Hispanics with 73.3 percent and whites with 64.5 percent.

Metro Chicago and the city of Chicago fared similarly with the Black joblessness rate respectively at 83.6 percent and 89.1 percent, Hispanics at 72.1 and 83.8 percent and whites at 64.3 and 71.5 percent.

With the loss of federal stimulus dollars, an additional 18,000 Illinois teens are expected to be jobless this summer.

“It’s really a huge crisis,” said Stephanie Brown, national director with the youth and college division of the NAACP. “It’s a national issue plaguing every community and affects all racial backgrounds,” she said.

“What we need is a major push for an overall jobs creation program,” said Brown.

Young people need to be educated how to present themselves when applying for jobs so that they are prepared to join the workforce, she notes. “We can’t underscore enough the many issues affecting our communities including the drop-out rate and adequately funding our public schools.”

“It’s a cyclical problem. Too many young Black people are characterized in a negative light on television and in the media. Building a positive perception is key and a major challenge for young people of color.”

The main thing is to get youth active and engaged because no one can better advocate for them than themselves, said Brown. “Together we need to pressure elected officials to support the needs of youth including pushing for more jobs.”

Brown continued, “If young people don’t feel important than how can we expect them to feel confident at the workplace? We have to let young people know they are valued and we don’t want to create a hopeless generation.”

Jack Wuest is the executive director of the Alternative Schools Network in Chicago. He notes in Chicago alone, nearly 700 children were hit by gunfire last year with 66 deaths.

“We cannot continue to ignore the correlation between youth violence and teen employment,” Wuest said in a statement. “We have not just a moral obligation to serve as guardians to our youth, but as a nation we have to invest in the safety and security or our most valuable asset – our children. We know if our teens are in school or at a job they are not on the streets, and are less vulnerable, building not only their own future, but our nation’s future.”

Photo: Community activists rally in downtown Chicago for youth jobs. Pepe Lozano/PW.



Pepe Lozano
Pepe Lozano

Chicagoan Pepe Lozano was a staff writer with the People's World through 2014. He comes from an activist family and has lived on the city's southwest side in a predominantly Mexican-American community his whole life. Lozano now works as a union organizer.