On this day in 1695, Zumbi dos Palmares, leader of a Brazilian state of freed slaves was beheaded by the Portuguese.
In 1775, General George Washington prohibited recruiters from enlisting African Americans into the Patriot Army. However, African Americans served in some units and some segregated divisions were formed.
Slavery was finally abolished in Cuba by Spanish royal decree that also made an indentured servitude system, known as "patronato," illegal.
Turner often conducted Baptist services, preaching the Bible to his fellow slaves, who dubbed him "The Prophet."
On June 18, 1822, slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey, Peter Poyas and others were arrested in South Carolina. Vesey was hailed as a hero by abolitionists during the Civil War, including Frederick Douglass.
Brown, a minister and fierce opponent of slavery, sought to obtain weapons from the arsenal to defeat the slaveocracy in the South. John Brown and his men were captured and executed.