Civil rights groups organized the boycott and demonstration against segregated schools and inadequate resources for black students.
On this day in 1955, African-American Mary Louise Smith refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in Montgomery Alabama.
In 1775, General George Washington prohibited recruiters from enlisting African Americans into the Patriot Army. However, African Americans served in some units and some segregated divisions were formed.
On October 22, 1963, a coalition of civil rights groups organized Freedom Day, a mass boycott and demonstration against segregated schools and inadequate resources for black students.
Several months earlier following orders of then Governor Orval Faubus, the state's national guard blocked the entrance of the "Little Rock Nine" to the city's Central High school.
Fifty years ago today, two Black students, James Hood and Vivian Malone, walked through the doors of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa.
On this day in 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that segregated schools were unconstitutional.